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    Keywords: APOPTOSIS ; CELLS ; ENDOTHELIAL-CELLS ; tumor ; TUMOR-CELLS ; CELL ; Germany ; IN-VIVO ; VIVO ; SYSTEM ; liver ; MICE ; MECHANISM ; INDUCTION ; ANTIGEN ; ANTIGENS ; DENDRITIC CELLS ; T cell ; T cells ; T-CELLS ; TOLERANCE ; BONE-MARROW ; CANCER-CELLS ; NATURAL-KILLER-CELLS ; FRAGMENTS ; FAILURE ; ADAPTIVE IMMUNITY ; TUMOR CELLS ; ELIMINATION ; IMMUNE ESCAPE ; IMMUNE-SYSTEM ; ESCAPE ; CYTOKINE PRODUCTION ; TUMOR-CELL ; KUPFFER CELLS ; in vivo ; FRAGMENT ; CD8(+) T cell ; COLON-CARCINOMA CELLS ; liver sinusoidal endothelial cells ; NKT CELLS ; PERFORIN/GRANZYME PATHWAY ; sinusoidal endothelial cells
    Abstract: Development of tumor-specific T cell tolerance contributes to the failure of the immune system to eliminate tumor cells. Here we report that hematogenous dissemination of tumor cells followed by their elimination and local removal of apoptotic tumor cells in the liver leads to subsequent development of T cell tolerance towards antigens associated with apoptotic tumor cells. We provide evidence that liver sinusoidal. endothelial cells (LSEC) remove apoptotic cell fragments generated by induction of tumor cell apoptosis through hepatic NK1.1(+) cells. Antigen associated with apoptotic cell material is processed and cross-presented by LSEC to CD8(+) T cells, leading to induction of CD8(+) T cell tolerance. Adoptive transfer of LSEC isolated from mice challenged previously with tumor cells promotes development of CD8(+) T cell tolerance towards tumor-associated antigen in vivo. Our results indicate that hematogenous dissemination of tumor cells, followed by hepatic tumor cell elimination and local cross-presentation of apoptotic tumor cells by LSEC and subsequent CD8(+) T cell tolerance induction, represents a novel mechanism operative in tumor immune escape
    Type of Publication: Journal article published
    PubMed ID: 17039564
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