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    Abstract: PURPOSE: To evaluate the effect of cold ischemia time (CIT) of renal allografts on diffusion and perfusion using intravoxel incoherent motion (IVIM) derived parameters. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 37 patients with renal allografts (CIT: 27 〈15 h, 10 〉/=15 h) and 30 individuals with healthy kidneys were examined at 1.5 T using a single-shot echo-planar diffusion-weighted pulse sequence with nine b-values ranging from 0 to 800 s/mm(2). ADC, perfusion fraction f, and the diffusion coefficient D were calculated using the IVIM model. Parameters of allografts stratified by CIT were compared with healthy kidney groups using the Mann-Whitney U test for unpaired data. We computed the Spearman correlation coefficient for correlation with creatinine values. RESULTS: ADC, D, and f of transplanted kidneys were significantly lower than in the healthy controls. The long-CIT group showed significantly lower diffusion parameters compared with the short-CIT group [mean+/-SD]: ADC: 1.63+/-0.14 mum(2)/ms, f: 11.90+/-5.22%, D: 1.55+/-0.25 mum(2)/ms versus ADC: 1.79+/-0.13 mum(2)/ms, f: 16.12+/-3.43%, D: 1.73+/-0.14 mum(2)/ms, P(ADC), (f), (D)〈0.05. CONCLUSION: Our results suggest that diffusion parameters, especially the ADC, depend on the CIT of the kidney allograft. Potentially, this stands for functional changes in renal allografts. Diffusion-weighted imaging could be used for follow-up examinations. Thus, diffusion parameters may help guide therapy in patients with delayed graft function.
    Type of Publication: Journal article published
    PubMed ID: 22785337
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