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    Keywords: CELLS ; EXPRESSION ; IRRADIATION ; proliferation ; carcinoma ; CELL ; COMBINATION ; Germany ; human ; EXPOSURE ; PROTEIN ; PROTEINS ; DIFFERENTIATION ; LINES ; MICE ; MARKER ; CONTRAST ; SKIN ; E7 ; papillomavirus ; ALPHA ; TRANSGENIC MICE ; LESIONS ; NUMBER ; MOUSE SKIN ; LINE ; MARKERS ; p53 ; human papillomavirus ; HPV ; E6 ; BENIGN ; HUMAN KERATINOCYTES ; HUMAN-PAPILLOMAVIRUS ; keratin ; squamous cell carcinoma ; SQUAMOUS-CELL CARCINOMAS ; CLUSTERS ; P53 MUTATIONS ; HIGH-LEVEL ; CLUSTER ; MUTANT P53 ; CELL CARCINOMA ; EPIDERMODYSPLASIA-VERRUCIFORMIS ; LEVEL ; P63 ; E6 PROTEINS ; EPIDERMAL-CELLS ; E6 and E7 ; granular layer ; HPV 20 ; CESSATION ; E7 PROTEIN ; EARLY ADAPTIVE RESPONSES ; ULTRAVIOLET-B-LIGHT
    Abstract: The functional role of UV irradiation, in combination with the E6 and E7 proteins of the cutaneous human papillomavirus (HPV) types in the malignant conversion of benign papillomatous lesions, has not been elucidated. Transgenic SKH-hr1 hairless mice expressing HPV-20 and HPV-27 E6 and E7 proteins in the suprabasal compartment were generated and exposed to chronic UV irradiation. Histological and immunohistochemical examination of skin samples revealed enhanced proliferation of the epidermal layers and papilloma formation in both transgenic strains in comparison to what was observed with nontransgenic mice. Squamous cell carcinoma developed in the HPV-20 E6/E7 transgenic line as well as in the HPV-27 E6/E7 transgenic line. Several weeks after cessation of UV-B exposure, enhanced proliferation, as measured by BrdU incorporation, was maintained only in HPV-20 transgenic skin. Keratin 6 expression was increased in the transgenic mice throughout all cell layers. Expression of the differentiation markers involucrin and loricrin was reduced and disturbed. p63 alpha expression was differentially regulated with high levels of cytoplasmic expression in clusters of cells in the granular layer of the skin in the transgenic lines 20 weeks after cessation of UV-B exposure, in contrast to uninterrupted staining in the nontransgenic lines. p53 was expressed in clusters of cells in nontransgenic and HPV-27 transgenic mice, in contrast to an even distribution in a higher number of cells in HPV-20 transgenic animals
    Type of Publication: Journal article published
    PubMed ID: 16971438
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