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    Keywords: CANCER ; DIFFERENTIATION ; TISSUE ; LOCALIZATION ; PARAMETERS ; CONTRAST-ENHANCED MRI ; GRADE ; TUMOR-DETECTION ; IMAGE QUALITY ; WATER DIFFUSION
    Abstract: PURPOSE: To flesh out the ESUR guidelines for the standardized interpretation of multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging (mMRI) for the detection of prostate cancer and to present a graphic reporting scheme for improved communication of findings to urologists. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The ESUR has recently published a structured reporting system for mMRI of the prostate (PI-RADS). This system involves the use of 5-point Likert scales for grading the findings obtained with different MRI techniques. The mMRI includes T2-weighted MRI, diffusion-weighted imaging, dynamic contrast-enhanced MRI, and MR spectroscopy. In a first step, the fundamentals of technical implementation were determined by consensus, taking into account in particular the German-speaking community. Then, representative images were selected by consensus on the basis of examinations of the three institutions. In addition, scoring intervals for an aggregated PI-RADS score were determined in consensus. RESULTS: The multiparametric methods were discussed critically with regard to implementation and the current status. Criteria used for grading mMRI findings with the PI-RADS classification were concretized by succinct examples. Using the consensus table for aggregated scoring in a clinical setting, a diagnosis of suspected prostate cancer should be made if the PI-RADS score is 4 or higher (〉/= 10 points if 3 techniques are used or 〉/= 13 points if 4 techniques are used). Finally, a graphic scheme was developed for communicating mMRI prostate findings. CONCLUSION: Structured reporting according to the ESUR guidelines contributes to quality assurance by standardizing prostate mMRI, and it facilities the communication of findings to urologists.
    Type of Publication: Journal article published
    PubMed ID: 23404430
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