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    Keywords: CANCER ; radiotherapy ; SURVIVAL ; carcinoma ; COMBINATION ; Germany ; FOLLOW-UP ; imaging ; NEW-YORK ; RISK ; SITE ; SURGERY ; NUCLEAR-MEDICINE ; PATIENT ; treatment ; FIELD ; TARGET ; PATTERNS ; DECREASE ; chemotherapy ; RECURRENCE ; PROGNOSTIC-FACTORS ; RESECTION ; BEAM ; INVOLVEMENT ; local control ; FAILURE ; nuclear medicine ; POSTOPERATIVE RADIOTHERAPY ; radiology ; ONCOLOGY ; PATTERN ; PREOPERATIVE RADIOTHERAPY ; ADJUVANT THERAPY ; methods ; NUCLEAR ; USA ; rectal cancer ; EVALUATE ; soft-tissue sarcoma ; MEDICINE ; medical imaging ; in combination ; FIELDS ; LOCAL-CONTROL ; outcome ; REGIMEN ; BEAM RADIATION-THERAPY ; IOERT ; multimodality treatment ; neoadjuvant ; patterns of failure ; RECURRENT COLORECTAL-CANCER ; total mesorectal excision
    Abstract: Purpose: To evaluate local control and patterns of failure in patients treated with intraoperative electron beam radiotherapy (IOERT) after total mesorectal excision (TME), to appraise the effectiveness of intraoperative target definition. Methods and Materials: We analyzed the outcome of 243 patients with rectal cancer treated with IOERT (median dose, 10 Gy) after TME. Eighty-eight patients received neoadjuvant and 122 patients adjuvant external beam radiotherapy (EBRT) (median dose, 41.4 Gy), and in 88% simultaneous chemotherapy was applied. Median follow-up was 59 months. Results: Local failure was observed in 17 patients (7%), resulting in a 5-year local control rate of 92%. Only complete resection and absence of nodal involvement correlated positively with local control. Considering IOERT fields, seven infield recurrences were seen in the presacral space, resulting in a 5-year local control rate of 97%. The remaining local relapses were located as follows: retrovesical/retroprostatic (5), anastomotic site (2), promontorium (1), ileocecal (1), and perineal (1). Conclusion: Intraoperative electron beam radiotherapy as part of a multimodal treatment approach including TME is a highly effective regimen to prevent local failure. The presacral space remains the site of highest risk for local failure, but IOERT can decrease the percentage of relapses in this area. (c) 2007 Elsevier Inc
    Type of Publication: Journal article published
    PubMed ID: 17275208
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