Your email was sent successfully. Check your inbox.

An error occurred while sending the email. Please try again.

Proceed reservation?

Export
  • 1
    Keywords: CANCER ; CELLS ; EXPRESSION ; IN-VITRO ; IN-VIVO ; THERAPY ; GENE ; gene therapy ; LINES ; NUCLEAR-MEDICINE ; TIME ; TRANSDUCTION ; ACTIVATION ; RAT ; PROSTATE-CANCER ; TRANSFORMATION ; GLUCOSE ; ESTABLISHMENT ; sodium iodide symporter ; glucose transporter promoter ; SODIUM-IODIDE SYMPORTER ; SRC ONCOGENE ; THYROID-CELLS
    Abstract: Targeted transfer of a functionally active sodium iodide symporter (NIS) into tumour cells may be used for radioiodine therapy of cancer. Therefore, we investigated radioiodine uptake in a hepatoma cell line in vitro and in vivo after transfer of the sodium iodide symporter (hNIS) gene under the control of a tumour-specific regulatory element, the promoter of the glucose transporter 1 gene (GTI-1.3). Employing a self- inactivating bicistronic retroviral vector for the transfer of the hNIS and the hygromycin resistance genes, rat Morris hepatoma (MH3924A) cells were infected with retroviral particles and hNIS-expressing cell lines were generated by hygromycin selection. I-125(-) uptake and efflux were determined in genetically modified and wild type hepatoma cells. In addition, the iodide distribution in rats bearing wild type and genetically modified hepatomas was monitored. hNIS-expressing MH3924A cell lines accumulated up to 30 times more iodide than wild type hepatoma cells, with a maximal iodide uptake after 30 min incubation time. Competition experiments in the presence of sodium perchlorate revealed a decrease in the iodide uptake (80-84% decrease). Moreover, ouabain led to a loss of accumulated I- (81% decrease) whereas 4,4'-diisothiocyano-2,2'-disulphonic acid stilbene (DIDS) increased the I- uptake into cells (87% increase). However a rapid efflux of the radioactivity (70%) was observed 20 min after I-125-containing medium had been replaced by non- radioactive medium. Lithium had no significant effect on iodide efflux. In rats, the hNIS-expressing tumours accumulated 22 times more iodide than the contralateral wild type tumour. In accordance with the in vitro data, we also observed a rapid efflux of the radioactivity out of the tumour in vivo. Dosimetric calculations resulted in an absorbed dose of 85 mGy in the wild type tumour and 830 mGy in the hNIS-expressing tumour after administration of 18.5 MBq I-131. In conclusion, transduction of the hNIS gene under the control of the GLUT1 promoter element induces iodide transport in Morris hepatoma cells in vitro and in vivo. However, for therapeutic application additional conditions need to be defined which inhibit the iodide efflux out of the tumour cells
    Type of Publication: Journal article published
    PubMed ID: 12541134
    Signatur Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
Close ⊗
This website uses cookies and the analysis tool Matomo. More information can be found here...