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    Keywords: analysis, ANTAGONISM, ARRAY, CELL, cell proliferation, cell signaling, CELL-GROWTH, CELL-PROLIFERATI
    Abstract: CCN proteins affect cell proliferation, migration, attachment, and differentiation. We identified CCN3 as a suppressed gene following platelet-derived growth factor ( PDGF)-BB or -DD stimulation in a cDNA-array analysis of mesangial cells. In vitro growth-arrested mesangial cells overexpressed and secreted CCN3, whereas the addition of the recombinant protein inhibited cell growth. Induction of mesangial cell proliferation by PDGF-BB or the specific PDGF beta-receptor ligand PDGF- DD led to downregulation of CCN3 mRNA, confirming the array study. Specific PDGF alpha-receptor ligands had no effect. CCN3 protein was found in arterial smooth muscle cells, the medullary interstitium, and occasional podocytes in the healthy rat kidney. Glomerular CCN3 was low prior to mesangial proliferation but increased as glomerular cell proliferation subsided during mesangioproliferative glomerulonephritis (GN). Inhibition of PDGF- B in mesangioproliferative disease led to overexpression of glomerular CCN3 mRNA. CCN3 localized mostly to podocytes in human glomeruli, but this expression varied widely in different human glomerulonephritides. Glomerular cell proliferation negatively correlated with CCN3 expression in necrotizing GN. Our study identifies CCN3 as an endogenous inhibitor of mesangial cell growth and a modulator of PDGF- induced mitogenesis
    Type of Publication: Journal article published
    PubMed ID: 17914348
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