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    Keywords: CELLS ; EXPRESSION ; tumor ; BLOOD ; CELL ; Germany ; SYSTEM ; GENE ; GENE-EXPRESSION ; GENES ; DIFFERENTIATION ; TIME ; PATIENT ; TUMOR-NECROSIS-FACTOR ; RESPONSES ; MACROPHAGES ; IMMUNE-RESPONSES ; gene expression ; PLASMA ; PCR ; LYMPHOCYTES ; ADHESION ; PARAMETERS ; POLYMERASE-CHAIN-REACTION ; cholesterol ; LOW-DENSITY-LIPOPROTEIN ; immune response ; CENTRAL-NERVOUS-SYSTEM ; PERIPHERAL-BLOOD ; MONOCYTE ; CD40 LIGAND ; development ; CEREBRAL-ISCHEMIA ; ELEVATED EXPRESSION ; ONSET ; macrophage ; NECROSIS ; HUMAN ENDOTHELIAL-CELLS ; MONOCYTES ; traumatic brain injury ; POLYMERASE ; PBMC ; WELL ; MONONUCLEAR CELLS ; ACTIVATED PARENCHYMAL MICROGLIA/MACROPHAGES ; lymphopenia ; MANGANESE SUPEROXIDE-DISMUTASE ; oxLDL ; PLASMA OXIDIZED LDL
    Abstract: Peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs), i.e. lymphocytes, monocytes and macrophages are key players in the development of innate and adaptive immune responses. However, little is known about their properties in patients with acute stroke. Experimental procedures: We presently characterized the early time course of PBMC subpopulations in 19 patients with acute ischemic stroke and symptom onset below 6 h compared to 19 age-matched healthy subjects. Immediately after acute ischemic stroke, as well as 1 and 3 days thereafter, PBMC subpopulations (cluster of differentiation [CD]3+, CD14+, CD19+, CD68+) were isolated by magnetic bead system and the expression of proinflammatory (CD40, tumor necrosis factor-alpha [TNF alpha]), proapoptotic (caspase-3 [CPP32], poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase [PARP]) and adhesion relevant (CD38) genes was measured by quantitative polymerase chain reaction (PCR). Furthermore, besides routine parameters, plasma levels of oxidized low-density lipoproteins (oxLDL) were studied. Results: In comparison to healthy subjects, patients revealed (i) twofold elevated plasma oxLDL concentrations, (ii) decreased (15%) blood cholesterol levels, and (iii) a 40% decrease in total number of lymphocytes. Furthermore, the majority of PBMC subpopulations revealed an increased expression of proinflammatory, proapoptotic or adhesion-relevant genes. Significant positive correlations were observed between expression of most of these genes in PBMCs and individual plasma oxLDL concentrations. Conclusion: Elevated expression of proinflammatory, proapoptotic and adhesion genes in subsets of PBMCs after ischemic stroke may contribute to an immunodepressive syndrome, possibly due to increased plasma oxLDL levels. (C) 2009 IBRO. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved
    Type of Publication: Journal article published
    PubMed ID: 19258025
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