Biochemistry and Biotechnology
Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
The polypeptide of a protein molecule can be considered as a chain of Cα atoms linked by pseudobonds between the Cα atoms of successive amino acid residues. This paper presents an analysis of the angle and dihedral angles made by these pseudobonds in protein structures determined at high resolution by X-ray crystallography. This analysis reveals a strong correlation between Cα geometry and the protein fold. The regular features of protein secondary structure such as α-helix and α-sheet are very clearly defined. In addition, it is possible to identify with some confidence the discrete populations of particular conformations of α-turn. Comparison with the traditional Ramachandran type of plot demonstrates that an analysis of protein structure on the basis of Cα geometry provides a richer description of protein conformation. In addition, the characteristics of this geometry could be a useful guide in model building of protein structure. © 1994 John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
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