Polymer and Materials Science
Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
Electrical Engineering, Measurement and Control Technology
In this work we report on ZnSxSe1 - x/ZnSe quantum wells grown by atmospheric pressure MOVPE on GaAs substrates. Diethylznc (DEZn), diethylselenium (DESe), diethylsulphur (DES) and H2S were used as source materials. Binary quantum wells with ZnSe or ZnS as barrier were usually grown in sets of 10 pairs on a 0.5 μm ZnSe or ZnS buffer, respectively. QWs with different well thicknesses (1-4 nm) show a typical shift to higher energies with decreasing well thickness and also a large decrease in PL intensity with increasing well thickness. Owing to the onset of relaxation above 5 nm well thickness, no PL emission could be observed. QWs of the same thickness but grown at different temperatures (420-520°C) show a broadened line shape with decreasing growth temperature. Growth interruption (3-50 s) also causes a broadening of the PL emission with decreasing interruption time. This is caused by interface reconstruction at higher growth temperatures and longer growth interruption. A ZnS buffer of 0.5 μm improves the PL line shape compared with a ZnSe buffer.ZnSxSe1 - x/ZnSe single and multiple QWs (Lz = 1-4 nm) were grown to reduce the strain in the structures. A typical quantum confinement energy shift of 160 meV for the 1 nm well can be observed in ZnS0.68Se0.32/ZnSe QWs. In comparison with the binary QWs, the FWHM could be reduced by about a factor of two to 34 meV. This improvement was obtained by an optimisation of the switching process to prevent the desorption of sulphur from the ZnSSe during the growth interruption.
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