Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
Chemistry and Pharmacology
Single-crystal materials, along with other forms of condensed matter (ceramics, polymers, liquid crystals, etc.) are fundamental to modern technology. The basic research and production of new materials with “tailored” solid-state physical properties therefore necessitate not only chemical synthesis but also the production of single crystals of a particular morphology (either bulk or thin layer crystals) and well-defined crystal defects (doping). In this review, an attempt is made to broaden the traditional synthetic concept of chemistry to the process of single-crystal synthesis. The methods of the resulting approach, which takes into account the specific properties of solid materials, are discussed and illustrated by experimental set-ups for the solution of a range of problems in chemical crystallization. Also included is recent work on the growing of single crystals of high-temperature superconductors, organic non-linear optical compounds, and proteins.
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