Life and Medical Sciences
Cell & Developmental Biology
Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
The influence of the extracellular matrix (ECM) on cell behavior, myofibrillogenesis and cytoarchitecture was investigated in neonatal rat cardiac myocytes in vitro. Cell behavior was examined by analyzing cell spreading on different ECM components under a variety of experimental conditions. Area measurements were made on digitized images of cells grown for various time intervals on fibronectin (FN), laminin (LN), collagens I and III (C I + III), plastic, and bovine serum albumin (BSA). The amount of spreading was varied on the different matrices and was maximal on FN 〉 LN 〉 C I+III 〉 plastic 〉 BSA. Addition of anti-β1 integrin antibodies to myocytes cultured on FN, LN and C I+III blocked spreading outward on the substrates and altered normal myofibrillogenesis, especially on LN. Concomitantly, the integrin antibodies induced the formation of giant pseudopodial processes which protruded upward from the substrates. These pseudopods contained actin polygonal networks which exhibited a regular geometrical configuration.Effects of the ECM on cytoarchitecture was examined by analyzing the temporal and spatial patterns of fluorescence and immunogold labeling of cytoskeletal and integrin proteins as myocytes spread in culture. The first indication of sarcomeric patterns was the appearance at 4 hours of striations formed by lateral alignment of α-actinin aggregates into Z bands. At later times, vinculin at 8 hours and β integrin at 22 hours became co-localized with α-actinin at the Z bands and focal adhesions. These data indicate that ECM components influence myocyte spreading and that myofibril assembly and/or stability is associated with ECM-integrin-cytoskeleton associations.
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