Life and Medical Sciences
Cell & Developmental Biology
Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
Chlamydomonas and Tetrahymena axonemal dyneins have previously been found to bind to porcine brain microtubules to produce a microtubule-dynein complex. At appropriate microtubule:dynein concentration, microtubules in the complex became covered to saturation by dynein arms of the same polarity and at a spacing of 24 nm [Haimo et al., 1979; Haimo and Fenton, 1988; Haimo, 1989; Porter and Johnson, 1983a].In the present study, two different types of microtubule-dynein complexes (α-and β-complexes) were prepared from Tetrahymena ciliary 22S dynein and porcine brain tubulin. The characteristics of the adenosine triphosphate (ATP)-induced extrusion of microtubules from these complexes were analyzed, as a simple and direct in vitro assay for the ATP-induced extrusion of single microtubules. The α-complex prepared by adding dynein to microtubules showed an interrupted sliding movement, which would stop and start several times following the addition of ATP. In the β-complex, prepared by adding dynein bound to DEAE-tubulin to pre-assembled microtubules, microtubules became covered with dynein molecules whose orientation and binding were uniform with respect to microtubule polarity. The microtubules in the β-complex extruded at 12 μm/second following the addition of ATP. Dark-field and electron microscopy indicated that the extruded microtubules had undergone sliding on a dynein-track that had become detached from the complexes and had been absorbed onto the surface of the glass slide. At higher light intensity under a dark-field microscope, the dynein-track was seen to be composed of rows of dynein molecules arranged densely. The orientation of dynein molecules in rows appeared to be uniform considering the images of bound dynein in the β-complex under electron microscope. The higher sliding velocity of the microtubules on these dynein-tracks compared to that seen on slides coated at random with dynein [Vale and Toyoshima, 1988, 1989], may be due to more efficient force generation by this dense arrangement of dynein molecules with the same polarity on the tracks. © 1994 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
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