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  • 1
    ISSN: 0538-8066
    Keywords: Chemistry ; Physical Chemistry
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Notes: The amide derivatives of t-butylsulfenic acid mentioned in the title have been thermolyzed in a stirred-flow reactor at temperatures of 273-390°C and pressures of 7-15 torr, using toluene as carrier gas, at residence times of 0.4-2 s. Isobutene formed in 95-99% yields, through order one reactions, following the Arrhenius equations: N, N-dimethyl t-butylsulfenamide: $$k(s^{-1})=10^{14.45\pm 0.46}\exp(-175\pm 5 {\rm kJ/mol}\,{\bf RT})$$ 2,6-dimethylpiperidyl t-butylsulfenamide: $$k(s^{-1})=10^{14.38\pm 0.26}\exp(-161\pm 3 {\rm kJ/mol}\,{\bf RT})$$ N-t-butyl t-butylsulfenamide: $$k(s^{-1})=10^{14.75\pm 0.37}\exp(-184\pm 7 {\rm kJ/mol}\,{\bf RT})$$These thermolyses are considered to take place through unimolecular, four-center cyclic transition-state reaction mechanisms, giving rise to isobutene plus the corresponding S-unsubstituted thiohydroxylamines. The latter decompose outside the reactor at temperatures above -78°C forming free sulfur and dimethylamine, 2,6-dimethylpiperidine, and t-butylamine, respectively. © 1996 John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
    Additional Material: 1 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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