Computational Chemistry and Molecular Modeling
Atomic, Molecular and Optical Physics
Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
Chemistry and Pharmacology
The previously introduced σ and π energy separation is extended to subsystems. σ and π electron donor and acceptor properties of the substituents are tested with a Löwdin population analysis. The influence of the substituents on the σ and π electron energies is calculated for substituted benzene, cyclobutadiene, butadiene, and borazine. A linear relationship is found which shows that an increase of σ electron energy is accompanied by a decrease in π electron energy and vice versa. This allows a classification of substituent groups in terms of reactivity. © 1994 John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
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