brush-type chiral stationary phase
chiral preparative chromatography
Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
Chemistry and Pharmacology
Good results have been obtained with use of the new bonded chiral stationary phase Whelk-O 1 in analytical and preparative subcritical fluid chromatography. A wide variety of enantiomeric pairs of compounds with different functional groups that are of pharmaceutical and biological interest have been resolved. This Pirkle-concept CSP appears to be more rugged than cellulosic phases (e.g., Chiralcel) with regards to solvents and pressure. In comparing the usefulness of the column for SFC versus HPLC chiral analysis, we have observed a clear superiority of SFC in terms of higher speed and efficiency of analysis, and faster method development. This is consistent with our experience with Chiralcel CSPs. With the Whelk-O 1 we have shown that the effects of temperature and modifier on SFC separations are similar to what has been reported for most other CSPs. We also observed a unique selectivity advantage of SFC for verapamil. We had good success with using a 1-in. diameter column packed with Whelk-O 1 to perform preparative SFC separations of a number of enantiomeric mixtures. The advantages of preparative SFC over preparative HPLC will be discussed. The feasibility of preparative SFC is dependent on how well we meet the practical challenges such as sample introduction issues, special hardware requirements due to the high pressure, and fraction collection issues. © 1994 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
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