Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
An efficient procedure is presented for repetitive analysis of structures, with large numbers of degrees of freedom and design variables, as they are progressively modified during the automated optimum design process. The three key elements of the procedure are: (a) lumping of the large number of design variables into a single tracing parameter; (b) operator splitting or additive decomposition of the different arrays in the governing finite element equations of the modified structure into the corresponding arrays of the original structure plus correction terms; and (c) application of a reduction method through the successive use of the finite element method and the classical Bubnov-Galerkin technique. The reanalysis procedure is applied to the linear static and free vibration problems of framed structures. Changes in both the sizing and shape (configuration) design variables are considered. For static problems the similarities between the proposed procedure and the preconditioned conjugate gradient technique are identified and are exploited to provide a physical meaning for the preconditioned residual vectors. The effectiveness of the proposed procedure is demonstrated by means of numerical examples.
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