Polymer and Materials Science
Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
Chemistry and Pharmacology
The anionic polymerization of methyl methacrylate was carried out in the presence of potassium tert-butoxide (t-BuOK)/quaternary ammonium salts (QAS) in toluene and tetrahydrofuran at -60°C. It was found that in toluene some QAS additives substantially increase the syndiotacticity of poly(methyl methacrylate). Two types of QAS were distinguished, quite different in their action. The addition of QAS with one or two longchain alkyl groups (〉C12), does not change significantly the mode of the monomer addition, whereas the polymerization in the presence of tetraalkylammonium salts with four equal substituents and dimethyldidodecylammonium bromide yields predominantly a syndiotactic polymer with high conversion and comparatively low polydispersity (M̄w/M̄w = 1.3-1.5). In some cases QAS additives are more effective modifiers than cryptand [2.2.2].
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