Polymer and Materials Science
Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
Chemistry and Pharmacology
Mechanical Engineering, Materials Science, Production Engineering, Mining and Metallurgy, Traffic Engineering, Precision Mechanics
Turbulent friction reduction by high molecular weight poly(ethylene oxide) polymers has been examined in a series of salt solutions ranging from pure water to nearly theta solvent conditions. The effects of polymer homology and solvent character have been successfully analyzed under these conditions and relationships are proposed for the observed effects. The reduction in turbulent friction (drag reduction) has been catalogued through evaluation of the polymer intrinsic concentration - an index of drag reduction effectiveness. Plots of the reciprocal of the polymer intrinsic concentration versus salt molarity are approximately linear and are similar to the plots of intrinsic viscosity versus molarity reported by other workers. An attempt is made to graphically and numerically combine these results. The suggestion is advanced that those solvent properties which bring about decided conformational changes in these polymer molecules (as indexed by intrinsic viscosity effects) also affect, in an apparently analogous fashion, the turbulent friction reduction efficiencies of these molecules. The decreases in turbulent friction reduction resulting from the increasingly collapsed state of the polymer coil suggest the possibility of correlating friction reduction with changes in the polymer expansion factor α. On the basis of the limited data available, the suggestion is also made that drag reduction studies might best be made under theta solvent conditions where different polymer families might be more meaningfully compared in the absence of solvent effects.
Type of Medium: