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  • 1
    ISSN: 0021-8995
    Keywords: Chemistry ; Polymer and Materials Science
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology , Mechanical Engineering, Materials Science, Production Engineering, Mining and Metallurgy, Traffic Engineering, Precision Mechanics , Physics
    Notes: Melt spinning experiments were carried out to investigate the elongational behavior and fiber morphology of multiphase polymer systems. Materials chosen for study were blends of calcium carbonate-filled polypropylene with general-purpose polystyrene and blends of calcium carbonate-filled polypropylene with high-impact polystyrene. The former is a three-phase system in which the CaCO3 particles are dispersed, and the latter is a four-phase system in which CaCO3 particles are dispersed, together with rubbery butadiene particles. Note that polypropylene is incompatible with the matrix of high-impact polystyrene. The experimental technique described in part I of this series was used to determine the elongational viscosity. With the four-phase system, the apparent elongational viscosity tends to increase as the stretch ratio is increased above a certain critical value which appears to be ca. 25. This transition does not occur with the three-phase system and is attributable to elongation of the suspended rubber particles. The addition of small amounts of HIPS to PP-CaCO3 increases spinnability in general, whereas larger amounts decrease spinnability.
    Additional Material: 12 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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