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    ISSN: 0021-8995
    Keywords: Chemistry ; Polymer and Materials Science
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology , Mechanical Engineering, Materials Science, Production Engineering, Mining and Metallurgy, Traffic Engineering, Precision Mechanics , Physics
    Notes: The interaction between several polymeric materials, typical of those that have application as parenteral product containers, and 16 marker solutes was evaluated. Polymers used included polypropylene, polyvinyl chloride, ethylenevinyl acetate, an olefin rubber, a polyester ether block copolymer, and various composites of these materials. In addition, the partitioning of solutes between two common PVC plasticizers (dioctyl phthalate and butyryl hexyl citrate) and water was also examined. Correlation between equilibrium interaction constants (Eb) (which describe the equilibrium distribution of a solute between contacting polymer and solution phases) and solute octanol-water (Po-w) or hexane-water (Ph-w) partition coefficients were in general poor for all materials studied. However, a bivariate linear interaction model relating Eb to both partition coefficients: \documentclass{article}\pagestyle{empty}\begin{document}$$ \log E_b = a\left( {\log P_{{\rm o} - {\rm w}} } \right) + b\left( {\log P_{{\rm h} - {\rm w}} } \right) + c$$\end{document} effectively mimicked the interaction behavior of all materials evaluated. The utilization of the developed models to facilitate container compatability assessments is discussed. In addition, the use of a critical ratio of binding constants for a pair of solutes is introduced as a means of qualitatively assessing the effectiveness of a particular solvent as a polymer model.
    Additional Material: 7 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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