thermotropic liquid-crystalline polyester
intermolecular ground-state complex
Polymer and Materials Science
Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
Chemistry and Pharmacology
A thermotropic liquid-crystalline (LC) polyester, poly[(ethylene terephthalate)-co-(p-oxybenzoate)] (PET40/OBA60) (OBA content: 60 mol %), is investigated by fluorescence technique using two model compounds: dimethyl terephthalate (DMT) and methyl methoxybenzoate (MMB) and is demonstrated to form an intermolecular ground-state complex between the terephthalate and OBA moieties. The change in fluorescence of PET40/OBA60 film is studied from 25°C to 450°C. The peak wavelength change for fluorescence of the intermolecular ground-state complex from 394 to 430 nm was observed in the temperature range between Tg and the LC transition temperature (115∼ 250°C). This is attributed to the electronic distribution change between terephthalate and OBA moieties in the excited state, which play roles of acceptor and donor, respectively. The increase in the fluorescence intensity from the temperature near the annealing temperature to the temperature near the isotropic temperature (287∼370°C) is suggested to be the increase in LC configuration and the formation of a more stable excited state due to the electronic distribution change between terephthalate and OBA moieties. The lifetime of PET40/OBA60 film quenched from LC temperature (300°C) to room temperature is in agreement with that of the nonannealed one, which is due to the fact that the deactivation process of the sample quenched from LC temperature is in accord with that of the nonannealed one. © 1995 John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
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