nucleophilic substitution polymerization
Polymer and Materials Science
Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
Chemistry and Pharmacology
Seven 1,3,4-thiadiazole-containing polyethers with reduced viscosities of 0.27-1.44 dL/g were synthesized by the high-temperature solution polycondensation of novel activated difluoride, 2,5-bis (4-fluorophenyl)-1,3,4-thiadiazole, with aromatic diols possessing a variety of ring structures. The expected chemical structures were confirmed by IR and 1H-NMR spectroscopy and elemental analysis. Of all the polymers, three polyethers were highly crystalline and soluble only in limited solvents such as concentrated sulfuric acid. The other polyethers were amorphous and dissolved easily in a variety of organic solvents including N-methyl-2-pyrrolidone (NMP), phenols, and chlorinated hydrocarbons. Colorless to slightly yellow-colored, transparent, and tough films could be cast from the NMP solutions of the amorphous polyethers. The mechanical properties of the films were excellent, and their tensile strength, elongation at break, and tensile moduli were in the ranges of 48-72 MPa, 5-7%, and 1.3-1.9 GPa, respectively. The amorphous polyethers had high glass transition temperatures of 204-299°C. All the polyethers were highly thermally and thermooxidatively stable and exhibited no weight loss up to 400°C, with 10% weight loss being recorded at 464-513°C in air. © 1994 John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
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