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  • 1
    ISSN: 1434-6036
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Physics
    Notes: Abstract Using spin-polarized photoemission with high energy- and angle resolution (ΔE=100 meV, ΔΘ=±3°) we have investigated the temperature dependence of the exchange splitting of Ni in the temperature range 0.5≦T/T c≦0.94. At room temperature we findΔ ex=0.18 eV for the exchange splitting of theS 4 band at theX point of the Brillouin zone. With increasing temperature the total (spin-averaged) energy distribution shows a narrowing and merges into one peak. The spin-resolved energy distribution curves approach each other and are strongly broadened. A discussion of the data within current theories of itinerant electron magnetism is given. The spectra indicate that neither the pure Stoner model nor the prediction of local band theory, assuming a temperature independent exchange splitting are justified for Ni. We conclude that the exchange splitting decreases with increasing temperature and that transverse as well as longitudinal spin fluctuations are responsible for the broadening of the spin-resoived energy distribution curves.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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