Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Abstract To evaluate the advantage with regard to toxicity, response rate, time to progression and survival of combination chemoimmunotherapy over single-agent chemotherapy in patients with metastatic colorectal carcinoma (CRC), 30 patients were randomized to receive a combination of 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) by continuous i.v. infusion and plasma perfusion (PP) over protein A-Sepharose (group A), or a combination of 5-FU and PP over sepharose (group B) or 5-FU alone (group C). 5-FU was given at 1,000 mg/m2/d on days 1-5 of a 4-weekly cycle until progression. Patients of groups A and B received bi-weekly on-line PPs until disease progression or for a maximum of 19 treatments. PP was well tolerated and no severe or life-threatening toxicity was observed. The response rates were 10% for the group A (1 PR), 0% for the group B and 20% for the group C (1 CR + 1 PR). The times to tumor progression for patients in groups A and C were 22 months, 12 and 11 months, respectively and the median survival times were 17 months, 10 months and 9 months. Although the time to progression and survival tended to be higher in patients treated with protein A. PP, these differences were not statistically significant. This is the first report of a randomized trial showing some therapeutic advantage in combining protein A. PP with 5-FU in CRC patients. Further randomized studies are required to demonstrate the real true value of this chemoimmunotherapeutic approach.
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