human in vitro fertilization
Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Abstract The incidence of pregnancy and abortion was analyzed in 1679 patients having embryos replaced after oocyte recovery and in vitro fertilization in order to alleviate their infertility. In these patients, 364 pregnancies were achieved and 108 abortions occurred. Patients were treated either on their natural cycle, having a spontaneous luteinizing hormone (LH) surge to induce ovalation, or after ovarian stimulation using clomiphene citrate alone or in combination with human menopausal gonadotropin (hMG). The data were assessed in relation to the numbers of embryos replaced, the follicular stimulation and ovulation induction regime used; the dose of gonadotropins and the dose of antiestrogens, and the age of the patient. The most successful treatment for the number of live births per laparoscopy was the use of clomiphene citrate in combination with human menopausal gonadotropin followed by human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) to induce follicular maturation and ovulation. This treatment produced a significantly higher (P〈0.001) number of patients with multiple embryos (86.5%). There was no significant effect on pregnancy or abortion with alow (〈400-mg) or high (≥400-mg) dose of clomiphene. The total dose of gonadotropins used did not influence the incidence of pregnancy or abortion. The use of hCG with hMG induced a significant (P〈0.01) positive effect on the incidence of pregnancy. The incidence of pregnancy showed a progressive decline with increasing age but there was a highly significant (P〈0.01) increase in the incidence of abortion with increasing age. With increasing numbers of embryos replaced, up to three, the incidence of deliveries increased. The most successful follicular stimulation regime and the replacement of three embryos produced about 25% of the patients delivering normal healthy babies after embryo replacement.
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