Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Abstract The histological findings from a patient with Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome (right superior paraseptal accessory pathway) who underwent successful radiofrequency ablation and had recurrence of tachycardia one month later in the absence of overt pre-excitation are reported. Histology revealed three small, oval to circular shaped, whitish, smooth areas on the right endocardial surface, the one being situated at the atrial free wall, and the other two being at the ventricular aspect. A very small hole was present in the interventricular component of the membranus septum. The accessory pathway band passed to either side of the small hole albeit disrupted by fibrous tissue in places. These findings indicate that multiple applications may cause penetration of the myocardium, and to achieve success, complete disruption of the pathway at some point along its course is required. Recurrence of retrograde accessory pathway conduction can be explained with the impedance mismatch hypothesis.
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