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  • 1
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Pflügers Archiv 364 (1976), S. 223-228 
    ISSN: 1432-2013
    Keywords: Renal calcium transport ; Renal calcium permeability ; Sodium dependence ; H+ transport ; Ouabain
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Summary Using the stop flow microperfusion technique with simultaneous capillary perfusion the rate of active Ca2+ reabsorption was evaluated by measuring the static head electrochemical potential difference as well as the permeability of the tubular wall for Ca2+ ions. Under control conditions the active Ca2+ transport was calculated to be 3.35×10−13 mol/cm·s. It declined toward zero if the ambient Na+ was replaced by choline or lithium. Parallel experiments in the golden hamster showed that active Ca2+ transport, vanished completely if active Na+ transport was blocked by ouabain (1 mM). These data indicate that the active Ca2+ reabsorption from the proximal tubule depends on the active reabsorption of Na2+ presumably via a Na+−Ca2+ countertransport at the contraluminal cell membrane. The static head electrochemical potential difference of Ca2+ is the same in late and early proximal tubules. It is also not affected by the presence of acetazolamide (10−4 M) by the absence of bicarbonate or glycodiazine buffer or by the absence or presence of phosphate (2 mM).
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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