Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Chemistry and Pharmacology
Abstract A method is proposed which involves sample pretreatment followed by electrothermal atomic absorption spectrometry (ETAAS) for determination of cadmium in human urine. A microwave digestion system was devised to accommodate double-closed vessels for simultaneous digestion of batches of up to 24 urine samples in about 20 min. After digestion, matrix substances which might interfere were removed using silica-immobilized 8-hydroxyquinoline (I-8HOQ) columns. The analyte adsorbed on the column was then eluted with dilute nitric acid solution and determined by ETAAS using a fast temperature program. Neither ashing steps in the furnace heating program nor use of matrix modifiers was necessary. The accuracy, precision, limit of detection, and sample throughput of the method were evaluated. With meticulous control of systematic errors which may be introduced in the pretreatment procedures, the present method can serve as a reference technique for the analysis of Cd in urine samples.
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