Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Process Engineering, Biotechnology, Nutrition Technology
Summary A flask, designed for direct gassing of batch cultures of bacteria, was evaluated for its use in studying oxygen absorption rates (OAR) and suitability for physiological studies under various controlled atmospheres. Such flasks, aerated directly without shaking, yielded an OAR (up to 1.2 mmol O2/l/min) that was comparable to or higher than those obtained in conventional flasks aerated by shaking. Direct aeration in combination with shaking resulted in OAR values that were elevated and most favorable for growth of oxygen demanding bacteria (≈5 mmol O2/l/min). In comparison with controls, the direct method of aeration in combination with shaking proved most efficient and least dependent on the surface to volume ratio of the aerated solution. In experiments with the facultative anaerobe Streptococcus faecalis 10Cl, grown in controlled aerobic, anaerobic, and mixed gas (CO2-free air, air-plus-CO2, N2-plus-CO2) environments, a specific anaerobic requirement for CO2 could be established. The wide range of gaseous environments possible renders the newly tested flask useful for comparative biochemical studies, especially when the gaseous condition of culture is a factor of critical importance.
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