Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Process Engineering, Biotechnology, Nutrition Technology
Summary To develop an efficient method for continuous production of L-malic acid from fumaric acid using immobilized microbial cells, screening of microorganisms having high fumarase activity was carried out and cultural conditions of selected microorganisms were investigated. As a result of screening microorganisms belonging to the genera Brevibacterium, Proteus, Pseudomonas, and Sarcina were found to produce fumarase in high levels. Among these microorganisms Brevibacterium ammoniagenes, B. flavum, Proteus vulgaris, and Pseudomonas fluorescens were further selected for their high fumarase levels in the cultivation on several media. These 4 microorganisms were entrapped into a k-carrageenan gel lattice, and the resultant immobilized B. flavum showed the highest fumarase activity and operational stability. Cultural conditions for the fumarase formation and the operational stability of fumarase activity of immobilized B. flavum are detailed. Productivity for L-malic acid using immobilized B. flavum with k-carrageenan was 2.3 fold of that using immobilized B. ammoniagenes with polyacrylamide.
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