Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Process Engineering, Biotechnology, Nutrition Technology
Summary A production of macerating enzymes which liquefy and hydrolyze the mandarin orange peel was studied in a solid state cultivation of Aspergillus niger on wheat bran substrate. Solid state cultivation in a 2 ℓ drum fermenter capable of interchangeable operation under dynamic or static conditions were carried out maintaining the moisture content of the substrate at 32, 39, 46, 56, 67, and 74%. Biomass grown on the solid substrate was estimated on the basis of a constant value of glucosamine content of A. niger, 50 mg glucosamine/g cell. A linear relationship between oxygen uptake rate and growth rate observed in all the experiments gave an oxygen growth yield, YX/O, of 28.5 g cell/mol O2. The rate of macerating enzyme formation was also in proportion to the growth rate irrespective of the difference of the moisture content of the substrate. The enzyme accumulation on the solid substrate, the growth rate and oxygen uptake rate were maximum when the moisture content of the substrate was maintained at ca. 56% ascending from 32 to 56 and descending from 56 to 74.
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