Cryptomonads (Pyrenomonas salina)
Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Summary Cryptomonads are thought to have arisen from a symbiotic association between a eukaryotic flagellated host and a eukaryotic algal symbiont, presumably related to red algae. As organellar DNAs have proven to be useful tools in elucidating phylogenetic relationships, the plastid (pt) DNA of the cryptomonad alga Pyrenomonas salina has been characterized in some detail. A restriction map of the circular 127 kb ptDNA from Pyrenomonas salina was established. An inverted repeat (IR) region of about 5 kb separates two single-copy regions of 15 and 102 kb, respectively. It contains the genes for the small and large subunit of rRNA. Ten protein genes, coding for the large subunit of ribulose-1,5-bisphosphate carboxylase, the 47 kDa, 43 kDa and 32 kDa proteins of photosystem II, the ribosomal proteins L2, S7 and S11, the elongation factor Tu, as well as the α- and β-subunits of ATP synthase, have been localized on the restriction map either by hybridization of heterologous gene probes or by sequence homologies. The gene for the plastidal small subunit (SSUr) RNA has been sequenced and compared to homologous SSU regions from the cyanobacterium Anacystis nidulans and plastids from rhodophytes, chromophytes, euglenoids, chlorophytes, and land plants. A phylogenetic tree constructed with the neighborliness method and indicating a relationship of cryptomonad plastids with those of red algae is presented.
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