Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Summary We report the cloning and physical mapping of the mitochondrial genome of Chlamydomonas eugametos together with a comparison of the overall sequence structure of this DNA with the mitochondrial genome of Chlamydomonas moewusii, its closely related and interfertile relative. The C. eugametos mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) has a 24 kb circular map and is thus 2 kb larger than the 22 kb circular mitochondrial genome of C. moewusii. Restriction mapping and heterologous fragment hybridization experiments indicate that the C. eugametos and C. moewusii mtDNAs are colinear. Nine cross-hybridizing restriction fragments common to the C. eugametos and C. moewusii mtDNAs, and spanning the entirety of these genomes, show length differences between homologous fragments which vary from 0.1 to 2.3 kb. A 600 bp subfragment of C. moewusii mtDNA, within one of these conserved fragments, showed no hybridization with the C. eugametos mtDNA. Of the 73 restriction sites identified in the C. eugametos and C. moewusii mtDNAs, five are specific to C. moewusii, eight are specific to C. eugametos and 30 are common to both species. Hybridization experiments with gene probes derived from protein-coding and ribosomal RNA-coding regions of wheat and Chlamydomonas reinhardtii mtDNAs support the view that the small and large subunit ribosomal RNA-coding regions of the C. eugametos and C. moewusii mtDNAs are interrupted and interspersed with each other and with protein-coding regions, as are the ribosomal RNA-coding regions of C. reinhardtii mtDNA; however, the specific arrangement of these coding elements in the C. eugametos and C. moewusii mtDNAs appears different from that of C. reinhardtii mtDNA.
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