Marker-assisted selection (MAS)
Randomly amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD)
Quantitative trait loci (QTLs)
Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Abstract This study was conducted to identify randomly amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD) markers associated with quantitative trait loci (QTLs) conferring salt tolerance during germination in tomato. Germination response of an F2 population (2000 individuals) of a cross between UCT5 (Lycopersicon esculentum, salt-sensitive) and LA716 (L. pennellii, salt-tolerant) was evaluated at a salt-stress level of 175 mM NaCl+17.5 mM CaCl2 (water potential ca. –9.5 bars). Germination was scored visually as radicle protrusion at 6-h intervals for 30 consecutive days. Individuals at both extremes of the response distribution (i.e., salt-tolerants and salt-sensitives) were selected. The selected individuals were genotyped for 53 RAPD markers and allele frequencies at each marker locus were determined. The linkage association among the markers was determined using a “Mapmaker” program. Trait-based marker analysis (TBA) identified 13 RAPD markers at eight genomic regions that were associated with QTLs affecting salt tolerance during germination in tomato. Of these genomic regions, five included favorable QTL alleles from LA716, and three included favorable alleles from UCT5. The approximate effects of individual QTLs ranged from 0.46 to 0.82 phenotypic standard deviation. The results support our previous suggestion that salt tolerance during germination in tomato is polygenically controlled. The identification of favorable QTLs in both parents suggests the likelihood of recovering transgressive segregants in progeny derived from these genotypes. Results from this study are discussed in relation to using marker-assisted selection in breeding for salt tolerance.
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