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    ISSN: 1434-4726
    Keywords: Key words Cochlear blood flow ; Prostaglandin ; Leukotriene ; Laser Doppler flowmeter
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Medicine
    Notes: Abstract Prostaglandins (PGs) such as PGE2 and PGI2 are vasodilators, and leukotrienes (LTs) such as LTB4 and LTC4 are vasoconstrictors. Our previous studies have shown that salicylate ototoxicity is associated with decreased levels of PGs and increased levels of LTs. We hypothesized that vasodilating PGs increase cochlear blood flow and vasoconstricting LTs decrease cochlear blood flow. PGE2, Iloprost (a PGI2 analog), LTB4, and LTC4 were applied to the round window membranes of chinchillas and cochlear blood flow was measured with a laser Doppler flowmeter. PGE2 increased cochlear blood flow, while LTC4 decreased cochlear blood flow. This findings show that vasodilating PGs may have therapeutic implications for sensorineural hearing loss and/or vertigo by increasing cochlear blood flow. Vasoconstricting LTs may cause hearing loss by decreasing cochlear blood flow.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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