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  • 1
    ISSN: 1432-1203
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology , Medicine
    Notes: Abstract We have previously sequenced the complete coding region and the promoter region of the β-glucuronidase gene of a patient with mild mucopolysaccharidosis type VII (MPS VII) and identified a nonsense mutation in the gene inherited from her mother. The mutation inherited from her father was not found. Here, we have extended the sequence analysis of the introns to cover all putative lariat branch points and putative intronic enhancers, although no nucleotide changes have been found in these regions. Careful analysis of mRNA structure by reverse transcription/polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and direct sequencing has revealed the inclusion of a new exon derived from an antisense Alu-repeat in intron 8 and the skipping of exon 9 in a large proportion of the mRNA of our patient. A 2-bp deletion creating a strong 5’-splice site has subsequently been identified in the paternal gene of the patient (IVS8+0.6kbdelTC). With a sensitive RT-PCR assay, we demonstrate that both the inclusion of the Alu-cassette and the skipping of exon 9 are minor events in control samples and that mRNA with both alterations is only found in the IVS8+0.6kbdelTC carrier. The increased proportion of exon 9 skipping seems to be related to the premature termination of translation. This is the third report of a human disease mutation that creates a splice site and activates an antisense Alu-cassette; the question rises as to how these apparently strong cryptic exons are generally excluded from coding sequences.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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