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  • 1
    ISSN: 1432-1203
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology , Medicine
    Notes: Summary Skin fibroblasts from a patient with mild osteogenesis imperfecta (OI) type IV synthesize two populations of type I procollagen molecules. One population contains proα1(I) and proα2(I) chains that migrate normally in sodium dodecyl sulfate polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE) and a second population contains only slower migrating proα1(I) and proα2(I) chains. The total amount of type I procollagen made by OI cells and the ratio of proα1(I): proα2(I) is normal. When labeled under conditions that inhibit post-translational modification of proα chains, the OI cells produce only single populations of proα1(I) and proα2(I) chains indicating that the apparent increased molecular weight of some OI proα chains is due to excessive post-translational modification rather than peptidyl insertions. Peptide maps indicate that excessive post-translational modification occurs along the entire triple helical segment of some α1(I) and α2(I) chains produced by OI cells. The effect of the mutation is to lower the melting temperature of the molecules containing slow migrating α1(I) and α2(I) chains to 39.5°C (compared to 41.5°C for control), and to delay secretion of the overmodified type I procollagen from OI cells. These data are consistent with a mutation near the carboxyl-terminal end of the triple helical domain which delays triple helical formation and renders all chains available for further post-translational modification amino-terminal to the mutation. Such alterations in triple helical structure, thermal stability, and secretion previously associated only with the lethal OI type II phenotype are thus also seen in the mild OI type IV phenotype.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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