Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Summary The occurrence of elongation growth-related osmiophilic particles (OPs) was investigated in hypocotyls of sunflower, bean, and spruce as well as in pea epicotyls and in cress roots of intact seedlings. In all analyzed species, OPs were found to occur specifically within the periplasmic space between plasma membrane and the outer epidermal cell walls of elongating parts of hypocotyls, epicotyls, and roots, whereas cells of nonelongating parts were devoid of OPs. Auxin (IAA) markedly increased the number of OPs in epicotyl and hypocotyl segments. Treatment of pea epicotyl segments with the lectin concanavalin A inhibited their elongation growth in the presence of IAA. At a subcellular level this effect was characterized by the occurrence of a pronounced osmiophilic layer in the periplasmic space of the outer periclinal and the outer part of the anticlinal epidermal cell walls. Treatment of IAA-incubated segments with the secretion inhibitor brefeldin A inhibited both elongation growth and periplasmic occurrence of OPs. This effect was accompanied by complementary accumulation of OPs in the peripheral cytoplasm of epidermal cells. Together the results indicate that IAA-induced epidermis-specific secretion of OPs is closely related to cell elongation growth not only in organs of monocotyledonous species, but also in dicotyledonous angiosperms as well as in gymnosperms.
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