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    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    College Park, Md. : American Institute of Physics (AIP)
    The Journal of Chemical Physics 117 (2002), S. 3941-3950 
    ISSN: 1089-7690
    Source: AIP Digital Archive
    Topics: Physics , Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Notes: We analyze the layering structure for the free liquid surface observed at low temperature in simple fluid models, with pair interaction potentials. The relationship of the surface layers with the Fisher–Widom line is discussed, by direct comparison of Monte Carlo simulation results for the liquid–vapor density profiles and the pair distribution function of the bulk liquid. Also we study the role of the capillary waves in the damping of the surface oscillatory profiles, with Monte Carlo simulations for different transverse areas, and through the theoretical scaling forms using the values of the surface tension given by our simulations. The main conclusion is that the dependence of the surface layering with the temperature is dominated by the capillary waves, even at the small transverse sizes typically used in computer simulations. In contrast, the Fisher–Widom line seems to be of minor importance for the amplitude of the layering. © 2002 American Institute of Physics.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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