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  • 1
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    College Park, Md. : American Institute of Physics (AIP)
    The Journal of Chemical Physics 117 (2002), S. 1269-1278 
    ISSN: 1089-7690
    Source: AIP Digital Archive
    Topics: Physics , Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Notes: Second moments (M2) and spin-lattice relaxation times (T1) of proton nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) measurements were analyzed for the hydrogensulfides of sodium, potassium, and rubidium. Three modifications are known at ambient pressure for each of MHS with M=Na, K,Rb. They are isotypic for the different cations, with an ordered monoclinic low temperature modification, a dynamically disordered rhombohedral middle temperature modification (MTM), and a cubic high temperature modification (HTM). The number of proton sites for one proton increases from two in the MTM to at least eight in the HTM. The title compounds were investigated by proton NMR in the temperature range 180 K≤T≤560 K with a resonance frequency of ν0=400 MHz. In addition, KHS was measured from T=90 K up to T=297 K, using proton resonance frequencies ν0=45 MHz and ν0=96 MHz. The M2 calculated from the absorption signal of the individual modification for the various cations do not differ from those calculated for the known crystal structures. The minima of T1 are in good agreement with results of calculations based on the crystal structure of the MTM of these compounds and two-site 180° reorientations of the anions. Activation enthalpies and attempt frequencies (NaHS:26.2(4) kJ mol−1, 6.1(2)×1014 s−1, KHS:19.0(4) kJ mol−1, 4.0(7)×1013 s−1, RbHS:16.3(4) kJ mol−1, 2.0(2)×1013 s−1) agree with those determined by quasielastic neutron scattering [Haarmann et al., J. Chem. Phys. 113, 8161 (2000)]. For the cubic HTM, translational motion of the cations is probable. Only in the case of KHS and RbHS, was the onset of this translational motion already observed in the MTM at temperatures close to the phase transition into the HTM. This seems to be a difference in the mechanism of the MTM(arrow-right-and-left)HTM phase transition for NaHS, on the one hand, and KHS, RbHS, on the other hand. © 2002 American Institute of Physics.
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