Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
Architecture, Civil Engineering, Surveying
Ozone concentrations were measured in indoor and outdoor residential air during the summer of 1992. Six homes located in a New Jersey suburban area were chosen for analysis, and each home was monitored for 6 days under different ventilation and indoor combustion conditions. The 5-hour average ozone concentration outdoors over the monitoring period was 95 ± 36 ppbv. One third of the days exceeded the National Ambient Air Quality Standard (NAAQS), one-hour maximum concentration of 120 ppb. The mean indoor to outdoor (I/O) ratios of ozone concentration ranged from 0.22 ± 0.09 to 0.62 ± 0.11, depending upon ventilation rate and indoor gas combustion. The presence of indoor gas combustion can significantly decrease the I/O ratio. Because of the great amount of time that people spend indoors, the indoor residential exposures were estimated to account for 57% of the total residential exposures. One type of the possible gas-phase reactions for indoor ozone, the reaction of ozone with a volatile organic compound containing unsaturated carbon-carbon bonds, is discussed with some supporting evidence provided in the study.
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