Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
Complementary chromatic adaptation is a mechanism by which some cyanobacteria that are able to synthesize phycoerythrin can adapt their pigment (phycobili-protein) content to the incident wavelengths of the light. In Calothrix sp. PCC 7601 it concerns phycoerythrin (cpe operon), synthesized under green light, and phycocyanin-2 (cpc2 operon), expressed under red light, and involves transcriptional controls. With cell-free extracts from Calothrix sp. PCC 7601 grown under various light regimes, a protein designated RcaD was found by gel retardation experiments to specifically bind to the cpc2 promoter region and to be present only in red-light-grown cells. This protein was partially purified and its binding activity was shown to be sensitive to an alkaline phosphatase treatment. RcaO can protect two regions of the cpc2 promoter sequence against degradation by DNase I. Because its activity is detected only under the conditions required for cpc2 expression, we propose that RcaD is a positive effector of transcription.
Type of Medium: