Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
Macrophages co-incubated with Candida albicans strain CR1 in vitro showed early signs of apoptosis, but evolved to necrosis after 2 h. In this study, we investigated whether strain CR1 caused apoptosis or necrosis of macrophages after its inoculation into mice peritoneal cavity, and whether this correlated with the secretion of IL-10. Peritoneal macrophages from mice that received an inoculum of C. albicans CR1 showed signs of apoptosis and necrosis from 30 min to 2 h afterwards, whereas heat-killed C. albicans did not cause those effects. IL-10 production was low during the first 6 h post-infection, when macrophages predominated in the peritoneal exudate, whereas its higher production after 24 h correlated with an increase of neutrophils in the exudate. Treatment of CR1 with pepstatin (an inhibitor of proteinases) prevented the process of apoptosis and significantly reduced IL-10 production, suggesting that the increased production of IL-10 was caused by processes occurring during the initial phase of infection, such as apoptosis, necrosis and uptake of death cells.
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