Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
The ‘cross-talk’ between different types of neurotransmitters through second messenger pathways represents a major regulatory mechanism in neuronal function. We investigated the effects of activation of protein kinase C (PKC) on cAMP-dependent signaling by structurally related human D1-like dopaminergic receptors. Human embryonic kidney 293 (HEK293) cells expressing D1 or D5 receptors were pretreated with phorbol-12-myristate-13-acetate (PMA), a potent activator of PKC, followed by analysis of dopamine-mediated receptor activation using whole cell cAMP assays. Unpredictably, PKC activation had completely opposite effects on D1 and D5 receptor signaling. PMA dramatically augmented agonist-evoked D1 receptor signaling, whereas constitutive and dopamine-mediated D5 receptor activation were rapidly blunted. RT–PCR and immunoblotting analyses showed that phorbol ester-regulated PKC isozymes (conventional: α, βI, βII, γ; novel: δ, ɛ, η, θ) and protein kinase D (PKCµ) are expressed in HEK293 cells. PMA appears to mediate these contrasting effects through the activation of Ca2+-independent novel PKC isoforms as revealed by specific inhibitors, bisindolylmaleimide I, Gö6976, and Gö6983. The finding that cross-talk between PKC and cAMP pathways can produce such opposite outcomes following the activation of structurally similar D1-like receptor subtypes is novel and further strengthens the view that D1 and D5 receptors serve distinct functions in the mammalian nervous and endocrine systems.
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