Blackwell Publishing Journal Backfiles 1879-2005
Agriculture, Forestry, Horticulture, Fishery, Domestic Science, Nutrition
Process Engineering, Biotechnology, Nutrition Technology
: The effect of osmotic dehydration (OD) at atmospheric pressure and vacuum impregnation (VI) treatments on some physiochemical parameters of papaya (aw, pH, color, firmness, and microstructure) was analyzed. Osmotic treatments were carried out on papaya with 55°Brix and 65°Brix sucrose solutions at 30 °C. VI with 65°Brix osmotic solution was the most effective in reducing aw due to the highest sucrose gain during osmotic treatment. Color differences were associated to loss of clarity in line with transparency gain. Scanning electron microscopy observations show that osmotic dehydration caused shape changes and size reduction of papaya cells; also differences in microstructural features were observed between OD-treated and VI-treated samples. Moreover, the largest firmness observed in VI samples compared with OD treatments was associated with the thickness of the middle lamella between cells, which was greater in VI than OD treatments. Improvement in texture and palatability of papaya was obtained with VI rather than OD treatment compared with fresh papaya.
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